BAKU CITY EXECUTIVE POWER
After Baku became a provincial capital in 1860, its executive authorities had the following names:
The Baku City Duma – established in 1870. One of the richest administrations in the Russian Empire.
The Executive Committee of the Working Deputies Council of Baku – 1939-1977
The Executive Committee of National Deputies Council of Baku – 1977-1991
The Executive Power of Baku City – 1991.
The Executive Power of Baku City is headquartered on 4, Istiglaliyet Street. The construction of the building of the Executive Power of Baku City commenced in 1900 and finished in 1904. Polish architect I. Goslavski (born in Warsaw in 1865 and died at the age of 39 in 1904. Head architect of Baku in 1892) widely used the baroque style and classic construction methods in the construction of this building. This building was the architect's last work. The facade was decorated with red brick, brought for this purpose from Italy, and coloured marble.
The central part of the building facade bears the emblem of Baku. Three golden torches in the central part of the emblem symbolize Azerbaijan as the land of fire.
The Emblem of Baku
The first emblem of the city was confirmed in 1840.
The second emblem was accepted in 1890, the third in 1967 and the present one in 2001.
Brief description of the Emblem:
The emblem of Baku represents a shield, which has a sharp-cornered shape in the bottom and rectangular in the top. Each part of the shield is bordered with a golden stripe.
The emblem has a blue background (the symbol of peace and free sky) with three golden tongues of flames of equal size.
In the bottom part of the emblem, there is a vertical black-coloured line, reminding about the presence of oil and occupying approximately 1/10 of the shield. The remaining part of the shield is occupied with turquoise sea waves.
The executive authorities of Baku are headed by the head of the executive power, appointed by decree of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan in accordance with the article 124 of the Constitution of the Republic of Azerbaijan, and the Regulations "On local executive authorities". The head of the executive power of Baku is the authorized person of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan within the city limits, with the following liabilities:
- the executive power of Baku shall carry out the commissions and decrees of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan and within its competence resolve socio-economic problems within the limits of Baku, in accordance with the regulations "On local executive authorities";
- recruits the staff as stipulated by the regulations, appoints and dismisses the heads of departments, administrations, enterprises and organizations as stipulated by law, and cancels their acts, which are found to contradict with law;
- concludes legal contracts with the appropriate state bodies, local and foreign individuals and legal entities within the competence of local executive authorities;
- provides the appropriate conditions for citizens to apply with written and oral complaints and suggestions to the appropriate territorial units of the executive authorities and subordinate institutions, as well as to administrations and organizations, ensures the consideration and responding to applications as stipulated by law, and takes into consideration justified proposals from the population;
- ensures the holding of elections, referendums and discussions as stipulated by law;
- raises the problems regarding city development before the appropriate executive authorities;
- provides the population with the information regarding activities of district executive authorities by means of mass media;
- fulfils the president's tasks together with the heads of district executive authorities; accepts reports from the heads of district executive authorities;
- accepts the appropriate proposals from heads of district executive authorities in the development of economic, social and environmental programs, that are funded from the state budget;
- ensures the cooperation between the heads of district executive authorities in the management of administrative units, efficient resolution of problems concerning Baku, and resolution of socio-economic development and other problems of the city within their competence;
- cancels those acts of district executive authorities which do not meet legal requirements.
The main directions of foreign relations of the executive authorities of Baku
The foreign relations maintained by the executive authorities of Baku are based on the principles of foreign relations, which were developed by the national leader Heydar Aliyev in 1993. The main fields of activity are as follows:
- Maintenance of the relations with twin and partner cities;
Baku is a member of the World Twin City Federation since 1978:
Baku is a twin city with:
Dakar (Senegal), Izmir (Turkey), Naples (Italy), Tabriz (Iran), Houston (USA), Basra (Iraq), Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegovina), Vungmau-Kondao (Vietnam).
The partner cities are:
Baku also has maintained close ties with Paris, Istanbul, Vienna, Cendu and Karamay (China), Moscow, St. Petersburg, Tbilisi, Kyiv, Minsk, Volgograd, Ulyanovsk, Astana and Tashkent.
There are the Dakar square, Naples and Sarajevo streets in Baku.
Dakar has the Baku square; Naples has the Baku street and there is a Baku hotel in Vungtau-Kondo.
Mastering and application of advanced experiences in city management and city infrastructure of foreign countries;
Assistance to embassies of the foreign countries in finding offices, maintaining the relations with diplomatic corps and provision of public utility services;
Coordination of the membership and participation of Baku in the International organizations.
Baku is a member of the following organizations :
-The World Twin City Federation
-The World Organization of Heritage Cities
-The World Organization of Energy Cities
-The International Institute "Avrograd"
-The Union of the Capitals of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation Organization member-states
- Encouragement of foreign investments into the city projects;
- Assistance in mutual introduction with the cities of foreign countries;
- Organization of the mutual "Days of Culture", festivals and other activities; the establishment of representative delegations, exhibitions, creative delegations, mass media, educational exchange centres;
- Cooperation with the world cities on the basis of bilateral agreements and programs;
- The arrangement of the organizational and protocol programs of foreign visitors to Baku;
- Organization of Baku tours for foreign delegations.