One of the most unique operations during the Patriotic War, the operation to liberate Shusha from occupation, will forever remain in history. Since the crown of Karabakh, the battered heart of Shusha is a natural passion, it was impossible to get into the city with tanks or other heavy weapons and there were two purchase options. In the first option, it would be possible to destroy enemy forces in the city with airstrikes, artillery fire but the command did not accept that, because the bombing of the city would cause great destruction. That’s why hand-to-hand combat tactics were chosen as an alternative option. Our hero soldiers and officers with light weapons passed through thick forests, deep gorges, rocks, mountains and destroyed the enemy in battle.
As a result of the successful operation in mid-October, units of the Azerbaijani army liberated Hadrut settlement and surrounding villages from the occupants. They then moved northward, crossed forests, mountain passes, and entered the Shusha district.
The Azerbaijani forces had to continue in the direction of Shusha for five days, as both the territory and the chosen route were not suitable for transport. President Ilham Aliyev then reiterated that Azerbaijani soldiers crossed ravines, forests, and mountains to reach the city of Shusha. The Armenian command counted resistance to the Azerbaijani armed forces around the Girmizi Bazar, from there the road goes to Shushakand, and then this road goes back to Shusha. The second direction that the Armenian army was waiting for from the Azerbaijani armed forces in Shusha is the Lachin direction. However, the command of the Azerbaijani army made a remarkable decision according to its scale, plan, and arrangement. The direction of Shusha is taken from the thick Karabakh forests.
Azerbaijani armed forces liberated the village of Chanagchi from occupation, after which on November 4th they took control of part of the strategic Shusha-Lachin road.
On November 6, 400 Azerbaijani special forces, equipped with light weapons and divided into four groups of 100 people, climbed with ropes to the silences of Shusha and entered the city from four sides in the morning and the fight started almost immediately. Hundreds of Armenian Armed Forces were taken out from the city by the afternoon. In order to restore control over the city, the attempts of Armenians to attack Shusha were in vain, as a result of the serious efforts of the Azerbaijani army, the Armenian armed forces fell back. On November 7, Alexander-M ballistic missiles, which were banned by Armenia, were fired on Shusha, but could not change the fate of this battle.
On November 8, the victorious commander-in-Chief, Ilham Aliyev, gave the exciting news to our people about the liberation of Shusha. The victory of Shusha, in fact, decided the fate of the war. The next day came the news of the liberation of more than 70 villages, and the day after that, the Prime Minister of Armenia was forced to accept the terms of the president of Azerbaijan and sign the capitulation act.
On November 10, the Azerbaijani President, the Prime Minister of Armenia, and the Russian President signed a statement on the complete cessation of fire and all military operations in the conflict zone. According to the statement, on November 20th Aghdam, on December 25th Khalbajar, and on December 1st Lachin districts were all liberated without the need of any bullets.